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Universities : Education Systems in Netherlands

As a result of the Bologna process, the higher education system in the Netherlands is based on a three cycle degree system, consisting of a bachelor, master and PhD.

Two types of programmes are offered in higher education: research-oriented degree programmes offered primarily by research universities, and professional higher education programmes offered primarily by universities of applied sciences.


Higher education in the Netherlands is offered at two types of institution: research universities and universities of applied sciences. Universities specializing in engineering and agriculture, and the Open University. Universities of applied sciences include general institutions as well as institutions specializing in a specific field such as agriculture, fine and performing arts, or teacher training. Whereas research universities are primarily responsible for offering research-oriented programmes, universities of applied sciences are primarily responsible for offering programmes of higher professional education, which prepare students for particular professions. These tend to be more practically oriented than programmes offered by research Universities.

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