Universities : Education Systems in Malaysia
Education System in Malaysia
The Malaysian education system encompasses education beginning from pre-school to university. Pre-tertiary education (pre-school to secondary education) is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education (MOE) while tertiary or higher education is the responsibility of the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE). The vision of the Government is to make Malaysia a centre of educational excellence. Education is a priority of the Federal Government of Malaysia and it is committed to provide quality education to all. The 9th Malaysian Plan (9MP) from 2006 to 2010 has placed great importance on education, training and lifelong learning.
Primary and Secondary Education
Primary education (a period of 6 years) and secondary education (5 years which encompasses 3 years of lower secondary and 2 years of upper secondary) make up 11 years of free education. Primary schooling is mandatory for all children between the ages of 7 and 12.
Upon completion of secondary education, students can opt to pursue 1 to 2 years of post-secondary education. This is the university entrance preparatory course. In total, the 12 years of school education serves as the basic entry requirement into Year One of a bachelor’s degree programme in higher educational institutions.
Higher Education includes certificate, diploma, undergraduate as well as postgraduate studies. Undergraduate studies consist of Bachelor's degree levels and professional studies while postgraduate studies consist of Master's degrees and PhD levels. Generally, higher education at the diploma level is for secondary school certificate (SPM) holders from the age of 17 onwards and the Bachelor's degree is for students from the age of 19 onwards with post-secondary qualifications such as STPM (which is equivalent to the GCE A'Level) or pre-university qualifications.