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Universities : About Russia

About Russia

Russia, the world’s largest nation, borders European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans. Its landscape ranges from tundra and forests to subtropical beaches. It is famous for novelists Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, plus the Bolshoi and Mariinsky ballet companies. St. Petersburg, founded by legendary Russian leader Peter the Great, features the baroque Winter Palace, now housing part of the Hermitage Museum’s art collection.

MOSCOW Capital of Russia

Moscow, on the Moskva River in western Russia, is the nation’s cosmopolitan capital. In its historic core is the Kremlin, a fortified complex that’s home to the president and tsarist treasures in the Armoury. Outside its walls is Red Square, the country’s symbolic center and site of Lenin’s Mausoleum, State Historical Museum and St. Basil’s Cathedral, known for its colorful, patterned, onion-shaped domes.
Area: 2,511 km²
Weather: 21°C, Wind W at 26 km/h, 60% Humidity
Getting there: 6 h 25 min flight, around - 35,255
Sports teams: PFC CSKA Moscow, FC Spartak Moscow

Economy

Russia has high-incomemixed economy with state ownership in strategic areas of the economy. Market reforms in the 1990s privatized much of Russian industry and agriculture, with notable exceptions to this privatization occurring in the energy and defense-related sectors.
Currency: Russian ruble
GDP per capita: 14,611.70 USD (2013) World Bank
Gross domestic product: 2.097 trillion USD (2013) World Bank
GNI per capita: 23,190 PPP dollars (2013) World Bank
GDP growth rate: 1.3% annual changes (2013) World Bank
Gross national income: 3.328 trillion PPP dollars (2013) World Bank
Internet users: 61.4% of the population (2013) World Bank

Languages

Of all the languages of Russia, Russian is the only official language. There are 35 different languages which are considered official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian. There are over 100 minority languages spoken in Russia today.

Famous Places

  • Hermitage Museum
  • Moscow Kremlin
  • Saint Basil's Cathedral
  • Red Square
  • Peterhof Palace
  • Winter Palace
  • Church of Savior on Blood
  • Saint Isaac’s Cathedral
  • Russian Museum
  • Peter and Paul Fortress
  • Tretyakov Gallery
  • Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow
  • Gorky Park
  • Kolomenskoye

Population

There are no official figures for the population of Russia in 2016, but the 2010 census, the results of which were released in late 2011 and early 2012, reports that the official population of Russia was 142.9 million. The most current estimate for 2016 reports that the population is around 143.4 million.

Russia is one of the few countries with a negative growth rate, and its 2016 population is estimated at 143.4 million, a decline from an estimated population of 146.3 million in 2015. It is currently the 9th most populous country on earth, despite being the largest by area.

Culture

The Russian culture is an excellent way to improve your Russian and understand Russian-speaking people. Russian culture has a rich history, strong traditions and influential arts, especially when it comes to literature, philosophy, classical music, ballet, architecture, painting, cinema and animation.

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